Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. Blood pressure refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. Arteries carries blood from the heart to other organs and the parts of the body.
An individual’s blood pressure is defined by two measurements :
- Systolic pressure is the pressure produced in the arteries when the heart contracts ( at the time of a heart beat).
- Diastolic pressure refers the pressure in the arteries during the relaxation of the heart between heart beats.
Untreated blood pressure increases the strain on the heart and arteries, eventually causing organ damage. High blood pressure increases the risk of heart failure, heart attack, strokes and kidney failure.
Elevated blood pressure or ” prehypertension” is a term used when discussing elevated pressures for individuals that are not quite diagnosed with hypertension, but are not as low as recommended for good health.